California voters approved Proposition 10, creating the California Children and Families Act of 1998.
Proposition 10 levied a 50-cent tax on each pack of cigarettes sold, creating a trust fund to invest in child care, and education programs for children prenatal to 5-years-old, and their families, on a local level. The goal was that with this funding children will grow to be healthier, have enhanced language development, increased vocabulary, and be better prepared for kindergarten, education, and life.
Proposition 10 funding has consistently decreased since 2000, primarily due to the decline of tobacco consumption. First 5 efforts across the state are only one piece of the complex needs of families and young children (and have never been adequate to meet ALL early childhood needs across California). Prior to Proposition 10, the majority of childhood development funds were dedicated to children over 5-years-old, kindergarten and above.
Since its inception, First 5 Kern has allocated more than $183 million to programs serving young children and their families.
One in three Kern County children is a First 5 kid.
- “Children” references children prenatal to 5-years-old throughout.
- “To date” reflects funding up to the year highlighted.
- “First 5” reflects First 5 Kern unless otherwise stated (e.g. First 5 California).
Among the program highlights:
- Over 1,000 families received general case management supports from Focus Area 2: Parent Education and Support Services
- The Make A Splash and Kern Valley Aquatics Programs helped introduce 596 children to water safety
- 2-1-1 Kern County received over 6,300 calls for services involving children 0-5
- 6,043 kids throughout the county participated in Early Childcare and Education programs funded by First 5 Kern, including center-based, Summer Bridge and home-based services
Strategic Planning Town Hall meetings were held in 12 communities across Kern County, to strategically plan and prepare for the 2020, five-year funding cycle. During the year First 5 Kern participated in 27 collaboratives and committees and funded 42 programs.
Funded services were received by 24,918 children through 41 programs and an investment of $8,557,673. Breastfeeding increased across 14 programs to 72% (a 5% increase). Increases in gross and fine motor skills, problem-solving, communication, and personal-social assessments were reflected in 1,464 children across 20 programs. Families who lived in unsafe housing reduced from 21 to seven across nine programs. Preventative dental treatments were provided for 13,774 children.
More than 26,000 Kern County children received services through 40 funded programs in the amount of $10,44,071.Early education activities, at 13 center-based facilities were provided to 1,140 children. Well-child check-ups were provided to 2,495 children.
- Children’s Mobile Immunization Program provided vaccines to 4,126 children.
- The Kern County Children’s Dental Health Network provided 15,650 preventative and 2,895 restorative dental services.
First 5 funded programs leveraged nearly $4 million to enhance services provided to Kern children and families. Supporting children to be healthy, active learners, $10,665,764 funded the services of 40 programs.School readiness learning activities helped prepare more than 2,000 children for kindergarten.
- Differential Response, Domestic Violence Reduction Project and Guardianship Caregiver Projects provided case management to 3,442 families.
- The information and referral program 2-1-1 Kern County, responded to 10,393 callers with children 0 to 5-years-old.
86,946 Children lived in Kern’s 11 incorporated cities and 41 unincorporated communities. Investment of $10,412,150 in 41 programs provided: 3,551 children with health insurance enrollment (an increase of 10% over the previous year); and 3,920 children with oral health services including dental screenings, fluoride treatments, and oral health education.
- 13,008 Vaccines from the Children’s Mobile Immunization Program at 174 immunization clinics.
Through 44 funded partners and an investment of $10,807,789, case management services were given for 2,984 children to increase family stability. Early education programs served 2,655 children; and 2,627 parents/guardians received parent education to increase their knowledge of child development milestones, appropriate parenting skills and/or health education. Immunizations were provided to 4,456 children. Oral health services, dental screenings, fluoride treatments, and oral health education were provided to 3,836 children.
- The Successful Application Stipend program provided health coverage enrollment to 3,237 children at 20 locations throughout Kern; more than 2,000 children were newly enrolled.
First 5 awarded over $36 million in funding for a three-year period to provide critical services. In the fiscal year, $10,435,266 funded 44 programs. 96% of all families served in early child care and education had their child care needs met at the end of one year of services. Legal and case management services were provided to 10,225 children. Memorandums of understanding for 13 programs were in place, in an effort to provide a more flexible service integration. 93% of all First 5 funded programs served clients referred from other agencies, further emphasizing that coordinated services support quality child health and development.
With unemployment at 17.1% basic services to help families through crisis were crucial. $10,568,700 in services for children and families were invested, 51% in rural areas, 23% countywide, and 26% in Metro Bakersfield.
- Over 3,000 children received dental health screenings and 900 were referred for treatment through the Kern County Dental Health Network.
Since inception, more than 450 programs with 240 organizations worked to ensure children were healthy and prepared to enter school. Expenditure allocations were categorized as 86.2% for direct program benefits, 7.5% administration, and 6.3% for program evaluation. In the 2009-2010 fiscal year, $11,890,6161 was invested in early child development and families.
First 5, by this fiscal year, had allocated more than $!00 million to 450 programs of 240 organizations. In 2007-2008, $12,277,016 was invested in local families of children 0 to 5-years-old.
- $870,000 was allocated to two projects of Greater Bakersfield Legal Assistance to expand its representation to caregivers seeking guardianship and to protect children exposed to domestic violence. The Guardianship Caregiver Project, receiving $503,911 over two years, 500 children and 250 grandparents/caregivers will benefit in finding a safe and permanent home. The Domestic Violence Reduction Project, funded for $366,393 for one year, will serve 450 children and 300 victims – typically battered mothers providing them with legal assistance and case management to reduce domestic violence.
- First 5 California commits $20 million to a statewide health care program to address the needs of 174,000 uninsured children, under 6-years-old, in California.
- Wendy Wayne named Executive Director of First 5 Kern.
$23,456,256 was budgeted to fund the creation, management, and evaluation of programs to improve the lives of children in Kern. First 5 California’s Hands-On Mobile Health exhibit paid its first visit to Kern County at the Viva Mexico event at the Kern County Fairgrounds.
- The Commission invested in agencies including the American Lung Association, Child Health and Disability Program, Clinica Sierra Vista, Inc., Friends of Mercy, Health Net of California, Kern County Department of Public Health, San Joaquin Community Hospital, and West Kern Community College District.
- After administering more than 54,000 immunizations to 26,000 children a new mobile unit replaced the outdated fifth-wheel of the Children’s Mobile Immunization Unit. To date, First 5 had allocated $2,282,451 to the program.
- In partnership with the Child Abuse Prevention Center, First 5 Kern launched the annual Ameri-Corps program utilizing six individuals to serve 11 months in the work of serving children and families.
- The City of Bakersfield obtained a mini-grant to purchase and install rubberized surfaces for playgrounds. First 5 funds allowed the city to upgrade twice the sites they were otherwise funded for.
During the funding year, 3,000 children and 2,400 families were served. More than 10,000 child opportunities to enroll in health care took place. Funding was provided to 17 family resource centers. The mini-grant program aimed to reduce accidental deaths and injuries, through an investment of nearly $100,000. First 5 California’s new Executive Director Kris Perry, appointed by Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger, visited a First 5 Kern Commision meeting. Perry was a Kern County native and Highlight High School, graduate. To date, 52,743 children and 29,899 families had been served through 231 projects, 188 organizations and more than $82 million.
- 35 Schools in 13 school districts participated in the School Readiness Initiative.
- Dental screenings were provided to 2,220 children and referrals to a dental home to 1,500 children. Still, 70% of Kern’s children had no dental care.
- An investment of $15,000 was made to the Kern County Department of Human Services to educate the public about the Safely Surrendered Baby Law, intended to protect babies from the dangers of newborn abandonment.
- The Medically Vulnerable Infant Program (MVIP) began receiving funding. MVIP focuses on individual case management for the highest risk premature/small infants who have been identified as needing intensive services after they have been discharged from the hospital.
- Family Resource Centers and Summer Bridge Programs wee able to provide valuable services to children thanks in part to the nearly $16 million in First 5 funding to date.
52 Child care facilities received $765,461 serving more than 3,000 Kern County children. $56,500 was provided to “good neighbor” projects. To date First 5 programs have served 23,353 children and 6,076 families in Kern to date; and the majority of children receiving services from First 5 funded programs are often receiving these services for the first time, which means the neediest population is benefiting from Prop. 10 funding.
- The School Readiness Initiative continued to increase test scores and serve more than 6,100 children and their families at family resource centers, community-based organizations, and local schools.
- Approximately $5,851,308, under an umbrella agreement with the Kern County Network for Children, was provided to community collaboratives.
- The Children’s Health Initiative Outreach and Enrollment were funded through three programs to assist families in health care enrollment. The Kern Application Assisters Program (KATCH) was awarded $275,000 and Clinica Sierra Vista’s Application Assisters Program was awarded $320,000 to continue the work of Medi-Cal, Healthy Families, and Healthy Kids application. More than 4,500 children and nearly 1,000 pregnant women have been successfully enrolled in existing programs to date.
- Friends of Mercy’s funding was increased to $75,000 (over $50,000 from the previous year) to create a communications system, outreach, and enrollment efforts.
First 5 California (formerly the California Children and Families Commission) introduced the investment of $100 million to implement voluntary Preschool for All throughout California.
- A $5.1 million investment was made in First 5 California School Readiness Initiative in Kern County. Twelve elementary schools in three districts were selected including Arvin Union School District, Delano Union School District, and Bakersfield City School District.
- The Children’s Health Initiative was launched, designed to help achieve the goal of increasing early screenings and assessments for all young children. The effort makes access to medical care a priority regardless of their ability to pay in addition to providing a health plan that would serve as a safety net for children who do not qualify for existing health coverage. Up to $2 million was allocated each year for five years to administer the program.
- A Child Care Action Plan was developed to increase the availability of infant and non-traditional hour child care and would allocate up to $350,000 for the effort. Quality child care was identified as a priority and ranked as the third most important unmet social service needs in Kern County.
- First 5 launched the Kit for New Parents effort to offer parents with practical advice and resources, including maternal and child health issues. The Commission partnered with private physicians, home visitation programs and the Kern County Superintendent of Schools’ Baby Steps program to get information to new or expectant families.
- Discovery Depot Child Care Center at Bakersfield Homeless Center was established and became the first early child care center in the state to be located at a homeless shelter; and one of a few in the nation.
- 48 Licensed child care facilities and family day care homes were awarded a collective $316,282 in mini-grant funds.
Mini-grants in the amount of $259,000 were awarded to 23 facilities ranging from $1,600 to $20,000. First 5 announced that it will increase the mini-grant program to $500,000.
- To date, the Kern County Network for Children (who oversees local collaboratives) has received $5.1 million in Proposition 10 funding.
- The Lamont Weedpatch Family Resource Center, which began in 1993, received $100,200 to expand services.
- The Tooth Fairy Program received $150,602 to assist with dental health and education
- Funding was approved for the West Kern Community College District, $1 million; Kern Community College District, $300,000; Safe Community Health Center, $175,000; Wind in the Willows, $77,415; and the Kern County Economic Opportunity Corporation Teen Fatherhood Program, $225,000. At this time 90% of children had no regular dental care upon enrollment in First 5 programs.
- The Project BETTER (Better Education and Training Through Exemplary Services) Family Resource Center opened on the campus of Bakersfield Adult School to serve 30,000 students each year. First 5 funded the project with a $91,805 grant.
More than 300 family advocates, service providers, parents and other community members participated in sessions across Kern, from Greenfield to Lost Hills, Mojave to Frazier Park. Proposition 10 directly impacted the development of 140 full time and 94 part-time positions. First 5 hosted a state meeting of the California Children and Families Commission chaired by Rob Reiner. Pete Parra, Commission Chair and Kern County Supervisor, was named to the Governors new School Readiness Task Force. The first Kern County Proposition 10 grants were awarded in July 2000, allocating more than $30 million to fund 82 individual programs and projects sponsored by 78 organizations; including a $160,000 mini-grant program established to assist licensed daycare facilities with classroom and playground equipment and renovations.
- In April of 2002, First 5 invested $5 million of Proposition 10 funds, along with a matching $5 million State Proposition 10 funds, towards the School Readiness Initiative including 13 districts and 35 schools countywide.
- The Commission approved the implementation of Healthy Kids (investing $550k) to ensure all Kern children under 5-years-old had health insurance and a medical, dental and mental health home.
- The Desert Area Resources and Training Center (DART) received a $98,000 grant to relocate to a new home called the “Therese M. Hall Children’s Center” offering licensed preschool in Ridgecrest to children with disabilities.
The first annual ‘Strategic Plan for Early Childhood Development in Kern County’ was developed to identify local needs in all of Kern’s communities.
- Just for Kids Pre-school and Learning Center was funded through a $17,023 grant, one of 26 projects who received a combined total of $8.1 million.
- The Kern County Dental Health Network operates at 16 community schools through a $505,000 Proposition 10 grant with a commitment for the second year of funding as well.
- First 5 announced that it will fund Baby Steps, a collaborative effort between Kern County Superintendent of Schools, Bakersfield City Schools and First 5. Through the program’s family advocates visit new parents in the six birthing hospitals in Kern to provide parenting information on such topics as breastfeeding, shaken baby syndrome, tobacco use and literacy; and to help link them to resources for health insurance and other related issues.
- The Children’s Mobile Immunization Clinic, introduced in 1996, was funded through a $322,667 grant, providing for the purchase of a mobile unit to take the program to outlying communities, health fairs, and resource centers. Since receiving Proposition 10 funding the program administered more than 51,000 immunizations for children 0 to 5-years-old at a community savings of more than $5 million in costs associated with not having an immunization program.
As required by the State of California, the Kern County Board of Supervisors established the ‘Kern County Children and Families Commission’ (now known as First 5 Kern). Tobacco Tax funds were allocated to the counties based on the number of live births. Statewide the Proposition 10 generated $70 million to fund anti-tobacco education and provide children from prenatal to 5-years-old with a foundation for healthy, productive lives.